Swine flu, the viral illness that became common in 2009, has made a comeback this year, It is actually a respiratory disorder, symptom of pigs that is caused by ‘type A’ influenza viruses. Influenza viruses that are commonly circulating among pigs/swine are actually the ‘swine influenza viruses’ or the ‘swine flu viruses’. claiming nearly 600 lives across the country so far this year, with close to 12,500 cases being reported.Maharashtra, with 284 deaths, is the worst affected, followed by Gujarat (75), Kerala (63) and Rajasthan (59), government data shows.
In Delhi, people have tested positive for swine flu and four have died, as on July 9. Doctors said the number of deaths could be higher. Clinicians suspect the H1N1 virus, which causes swine flu, may have mutated. The disease initially spread through pigs but now transmits from human to human.
The growing number of swine flu cases so early in the season has doctors worried. Swine flu, experts say , is a communicable disease caused by type A strains of the virus. The virus enters the body through inhalation of contaminated droplets or is transferred from a contaminated surface to the eyes, nose or mouth of a person.
How is Swine flu transmitted?
It gets transmitted as like seasonal & common flu. When an H1N1 virus affected person coughs and sneezes, the virus get sprayed out as tiny drops into the air. The other common human gets contact with those tiny drops, say for being near to the affected individual or touching the surface that the affected person has used (for e.g. door knobs) chances are indeed heavy to catch H1N1 infection immediately.
Swine flu prevention
‘Prevention is better than cure’. The major measures to stay away from even the common cold are off:
- Washing hands by using any of the antibiotic liquid/soap/gel and/or bar in warm water
- Do clean the surfaces that the affected individual uses; say for door knobs, balcony chairs, keyboard & the mouse, and all the surfaces that the swine flu-infected person touches & uses
- Cover mouth & nose areas when sneezing or coughing
- Throwing away the used tips into trash bins properly